The Purpose of Treatment for Damage to Intervertebral Discs
For the purpose of curing intervertebral discs of spinal disease, typified by herniated discs or spinal stenosis, various treatments exist: not only DST(Discseel™) but stem cell transplantation, laser treatment (PLDD), ozone treatment (PODD), artificial disc replacement, nucleus pulposus removal, and so on. However, to begin with, we’d like to explain what intervertebral discs are and why they are treated.
The spine is made up of bone and cushions (intervertebral discs), as in Illustration 1.
The intervertebral disc has a dual-layered structure, with nucleus pulposus in the center, surrounded by a fibrous ring, as in Illustration 2.
If there is no problem with the cushions (intervertebral discs), shock is absorbed by those cushions even when intense exercise is done, so there is mostly no impact on the surrounding bones and ligaments. Chronic low back pain and neuropathy do not appear in children because their cushion function is normal. However, the following damage begins to occur to intervertebral disc cushions from as early as around the age of 16.
“Intervertebral disc damage” refers to cracks in the fibrous ring, as shown in Illustration 3.
When cracks appear in the fibrous ring and nucleus pulposus in the center leaks out rapidly, it causes a herniated disc, as in Illustration 4. Conversely, if it leaks out slowly, the herniated disc will not be conspicuous, but the amount of nucleus pulposus will ultimately decrease and cause a decline in the function of the intervertebral disc, as in Illustration 5.
In the end, the burden on the spine will increase in accordance with the reduced cushion function, and spine and ligament deformity will bring about spinal arthritis or osteodesmosis (the transformation of tendon into bony tissue), as in Illustration 6. This will finally be complicated by spinal stenosis or vertebral canal stenosis.
Because problems begin with the intervertebral disc damage mentioned above and ultimately continue to progress to spinal disease, treatment of the intervertebral discs—the root cause—is essential.
5 Types of Outpatient Treatment for Low Back Pain
The DST Method (Discseel™)
An intervertebral disc treatment that began in the United States in the 2010s. Can be suitable for a wide range of conditions, including problems in patients after surgery. It is the only （※2）treatment that can repair and regenerate intervertebral discs.Click here for details.
※2 According to research by Operation Japan (Ltd.)
The PIDD Method (Implant)
An implant intervertebral disc treatment that has been conducted since the 2000s. As with PLDD, results without injury to intervertebral discs can be anticipated. This treatment is suitable for herniated discs only.Click here for details.
Hybrid Laser Treatment
A treatment that combines the benefits of PLDD and PODD. This treatment is suitable for herniated discs only.Click here for details.
The PODD Method (Ozone)
An ozone intervertebral disc treatment that has been conducted mainly in Europe since the 1990s. It can be suitable for a wide range of conditions.Click here for details.
The PLDD Method (Laser)
An outpatient, laser intervertebral disc treatment that has been well known worldwide since the 1980s. This treatment is suitable for herniated discs only.Click here for details.